Lessons From Surah Luqman
Besides the Prophets, in Quran, Allah Almighty also reckons the existence and presence of wise people in Quran who although were not Prophets, but Allah Almighty blessed them with wisdom and respect. One of such people mentioned in Quran is Hakim Luqman.
Hakim Luqman is renowned as one of the most wise men among Muslims. He has had the honor of being mentioned in Quran for His wisdom and the lessons he gave to his son. Although the origin and his stature as a person is not clearly known, however, all the Muslim scholars agree on the fact that he was one of the wisest people to have lived on earth.
In Quran Allah Almighty says about Hakim Luqman in the following way:
“And indeed We bestowed upon Lukman Al-Hakim (wisdom and religious understanding, etc.) saying: “Give thanks to Allah,” and whoever gives thanks, he gives thanks for (the good of) his own self. And whoever is unthankful, then verily, Allah is All-Rich (free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.” (31:12)
From this ayah it is clear that Allah Almighty provided wisdom and guidance to Luqman for which he was always grateful to Allah Almighty and was one of His servants. The advices which he gave to his son, which can be regarded as lessons, are given below.
Worship Allah Only:
In Quran, Allah Almighty says:
And (remember) when Lukman said to his son when he was advising him: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed.” (31:13)
The firs advice that Luqman gave to his son was to worship Allah Almighty only and not take anyone else equal in worship with him. It is the basic of the Islamic belief and every one who has little bit of wisdom would realize the fact that there is only one God and that is Allah and there is none who is equal to Him. Thus, Muslims must take the lesson from it that reckoning Allah as the only Lord is a sign of wisdom and those who don’t do so are wrong indeed.
Respect The Parents:
In Quran, Allah Almighty says:
“And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years – give thanks to Me and to your parents, – unto Me is the final destination.” (31:14)
The second lesson to be learned from Surah Luqman is being respectful to the parents. Allah Almighty clearly mentions that one needs to be thankful to both the parents and Allah Almighty, therefore, what parents do is not their duty, rather they deserve special thanks from the children.
However, in the second ayah of the sequence, Allah Almighty clearly mentions that if both the parents try to prevent a person from worshiping Allah or make him or her worship someone else, then in that case a person is not to oblige to parents and leave all their compulsion and enforcement wisely with kind words and continue on following the path of Allah Almighty. Therefore, in no case should a person be rude to the parents. One should obey them, but when it comes to worshiping Allah, there should be no compromise made but still with kindness and politeness.
Deeds Get Rewarded:
Further in the Surah, Luqman says to his son:
“O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed , and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily, Allah is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), Well-Aware (of its place).” (31:16)
This ayah gives the lesson that deeds always get rewarded. Regardless of whether it is a small deed done in public or a small deed done in isolation it will get rewarded and Allah Almighty will definitely do justice for whatever actions a person has committed on the day of judgment.
Offer Prayers and Do Good:
The next ayah of Surah Luqman talks about offering prayer in which Hakim Luqman said:
“O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (offer prayer perfectly), enjoin (people) for Almaruf, and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar, and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily! These are some important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption.” (31:17)
From this ayah it is clear that a person should offer prayers regularly, do good, forbid evil and be patient in whatever Allah Almighty sends on a person. If these four elements be analyzed, these are the true essence of Islam and the objective of it is to make a person stick to the path of righteousness, abhor evil and always remain patient in adversity, which shows how strong a faith a person has in Allah Almighty.
In a nutshell, the recitation of Surah Luqman with translation gives lessons that every Muslim must try incorporating in his or her life in order to ensure that the life spent is on the path of righteousness and one remains spiritually pure and wise.
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